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Epidemiologic study for glaucoma' in central Africa
Krüger H., Schittkowski M., 2Kundt G., Guthoff R.
Department of Ophthalmology at Rostock-University; 2Institute for Medical Informatics and Biometrics at Rostock University
There are 45 million people suffered from blindness all over the world.
Each year 7 million people go blind. 90 % of all blind people live in
developing countries. The WHO estimates that without intervention the
number of blind people increases to 80 million until the year 2020. To
stop this development the WHO in cooperation with the CBM and other organisations
founded the "VISION-2020-Projekt" in 1999. The treatment of
Cataract and Trachoma, which are the most common causes of avoideable
blindness in developing countries, is the main topic of this campaign.
The Glaucoma, which is also considered to be one of the most common reasons
for blindness couldn´t be involved in the project yet, because of
the lack of epidemiologic datas. We present the concept of an epidemiologic
study which will start in october 2001 in Kinshasa (Kongo). During that
study 2000 patients without ophthalmologic diseases will be examined to
define reference-datas concerning the intraocular-pressure and the appearance
of the optic disc. It is thought to develop a screeningprogram depending
on these datas, which is able to be used in a city like Kinshasa. This
program should help to detect and treat high-risk-patients. The expected
epidemiologic datas could be used by the WHO to make the glaucoma being
a part of the "VISION-2020-Project" and to start an efficient
treatment of this disease in developing countries.
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