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Predictors of Retinal Detachment after Open Globe Injury

Kono Kono J. O.,
Technische Universität München, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Augenklinik (München)

Purpose: A retinal detachment after open globe injury has important prognostic and therapeutic implications. Main aim of this study was to determine whether retinal detachment following open globe injury could be predicted by clinical factors. 
Method: We retrospectively evaluated 52 patients (52 eyes) with open globe injury admitted to our department. The Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System was used. Only patients which open eye injuries were evaluated. The results were noted during the 7 days after the accident.
Results: In the week after the open globe injury, retinal detachment was present in 40,3%. 100% of the patients with previous cataract operation (with IOL) developed a retinal detachment (p<0,01). Retinal detachment also correlate significantly with visual acuity less than hand movement and retained intraocular foreign bodies. 19 (95%) of the 20 patients with a visual acuity less than hand movement have retinal detachment versus only 2 (9%) patients with visual acuity of hand movement or better (p<0,01). 6 (66,6%) of the 9 patients with intraocular foreign bodies had retinal detachment compared to 15 (34,8%) of the 46 patients without intraocular foreign bodies (p=0,01). Logistic regression analysis confirmed this variables as independent predictors of retinal detachment.
Conclusions: We conclude that previous cataract operation, visual acuity less than hand movement and the presence of intraocular foreign bodies are predictive to retinal detachment.

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