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Cholesterol Embolism of Retinal Arteries after use of Oral Acitretin - A Case Report
Puls S., Augustin A. J.,
Casuitry: A 71 years old famale patient suffered from a acute defect of the visual field. The visual acuity was 0,8. Multiple cholesterol embolisms with corresponding edema were found in retinal arteries. Visual field examination (Goldmann perimetry) has shown an incomplete loss of the lower hemisphere, but macula was not involved. In her case history the patient reported about a therapy with Acitretin (NeotigasonÒ) with a daily oral dosage of 25 mg/dl treating a serious psoriasis of the lower extremities. Therapy started 4 months ago with a moderate increase of serum cholesterol (275 mg/dl) as well as LDL-cholesterol (188,2 mg/dl), but trigycerides were at normal level. During Acitretin therapy the cholesterol level increased up to 360 mg/dl, LDL-cholesterol reached a value of 231 mg/dl and triglycerides increased to triple of normal level (370 mg/dl). Analysis of other risk factors has not shown any abnormal findings. We have performed carotis perfusion examination, echocardiography, ECG and APC resistence analysis.