Muensters Age and Retina Study (MARS): Comparison of Self-reported Vision-targeted Health Status with the Severity of Age-related Macular Degeneration
Wachter A.2, Dasch B.1, Heimes B.1, Behrens T.1, Pauleikhoff D.2, Hense H. W.1
1Institute for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University Hospital; Muenster; 2Ophthalmology Department, St Franziskus Hospital, Muenster
Purpose: In Patients with chronic eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration the generic health domains are strongly influenced by the bad visual acuity. Therefore the subjective assessment of visual qualities and its consequences are analyzed in regard of severity of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in this study.
Method: By means of a modified self-reported questionnaire (Visual Function Questionnaire VFQ 25) well-being, general vision, near vision, distance vision and peripheral vision are reported subjectively on a scale ranging from 1 to 5 (1=perfect, 2=very good, 3=good, 4=worse, 5=bad). This was done in 384 patients of the MARS-project. The results were compared with the severity of AMD. They were standardized by means of digital fundus photography and classified into three groups of different forms of AMD: group 1 bilateral early AMD (n=136), group 2 unilateral late AMD (n=73), group 3 bilateral late AMD (n=44).
Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in the Kruskal-Wallis-test regarding well-being (mean 3). Independent of the objective visual acuity the general visio
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