Programm                 "Degeneration und Regeneration– Grundlagen, Diagnostik und Therapie"


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Abstract
Abstract

Medical Requirements for Aviation in Europe and USA

Draeger J.
Universitäts-Krankenhaus Eppendorf, Augenklinik, Hamburg

The convention of Chicago, December 07th, 1944, was the first attempt for standardization of medical requirements for civil aviation. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) tried to organize this difficult field worlwide. But even nowadays there are still existing national rules in many countries, e.g. in the United States of America, issued by the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA). 1953 the European Commission stopped to built up common rules. 1979 the Joint Aviation Authorities were formed, finally 1990 the definite Joint Aviation Requirements, Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) were accepted. Meanwhile 37 nations are members. May, 1st, 2003 even the Federal Republic of Germany as one of the last European countries has signed this convention.
Though, besides the worldwide standard of ICAO in Europa JAR-FCL3, within the USA the FAA-Requirements define medical fitness of aviators.
This means still nowadays marked differences, specifically in the ophthalmic field, as far as standards and requirements for flight crew licensing are concerned. These are discussed in detail for the functions of the visual system.


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