Envision Development of Ophthalmology in Next Decade in China
Eye Research Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing/TJ
Ophthalmology in China developed quickly in the recent 20 years. The national survey in 1998 showed that there were 4151 ophthalmic organizations, 18268 eye doctor, 4309 eye and ENT doctors. Ophthalmic microsurgery was popularized. Laser for eye diseases was widely applied. Massive program for prevention and epidemiological studies were conducted. The above achievements provide a base for further development of ophthalmology in China in the next decade.
In the next decade, the development of ophthalmology meets some new challenges in China. Accretion and aging of population lead to increase of blindness and visual impairment, and other age-related eye diseases. In other hands, public raise the higher demand for eye care by the socio-economic development. There exists a gap between the tremendous demand and service capability of eye care. The trend of blindness and visual impairment in China is increasing. Deducing from the data of our epidemiological studies, there will be 5 million cataract blindness in 2020, double comparing to the current backlog of cataract blind. Facing the tremendous demand, we recognized the lack of eye care service capability. The most of eye patients is in the rural area. However, most of eye care service is in urban area. The maldistribution of ophthalmic resource widens the gap between eye care demand and service capability. <
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